Roles and Identity Zimbardo

Roles and Identity Zimbardo - Roles and Identity The...

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Roles and Identity The Stanford Prison Study
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The Stanford Prison Study Conducted in 1971 High awareness of inhumane prison conditions at the time Attica prison riots (1971), 40 dead The study simulated prison conditions 24 participants randomly assigned to be guards or prisoners Differences in behavior must be attributable to roles, not individual differences High attention to detail Participants were arrested, booked, made to wear prison outfits, deloused Visiting hours, prison chaplain, parole hearing Zimbardo as prison superintendent worked with guards
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The Stanford Prison Study - Findings Participants took on their roles, enacting extreme behavior Guards mentally abused prisoners Asked to strip Sleep deprivation Asked to make homoerotic advances to one another Made to humiliate fellow prisoners who disobeyed Several prisoners broke down mentally One wanted to break back in One went on hunger strike Both left the study early One became a prison psychiatrist Discontinued after 6 days (intended to last 2 weeks)
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The Stanford Prison Study - Conclusions Underscores the “power of the situation” The strong role of situational factors in determining behavior We tend to underestimate the PotS, due to the FAE Guards barely used any physical force, didn’t have to The Thomas Theorem: “If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences.” (1923)
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Roles and Identity Zimbardo - Roles and Identity The...

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