chap 7-9

chap 7-9 - Seth Norton POL2241 Brown Chapter 7 Public...

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Seth Norton POL2241 Brown Chapter 7: Public Opinion 1. Define the following terms: Elite-People who have a disproportionate amount of some valued resource exit polls-Polls based on interviews conducted on Election day with randomly selected voters gender gap- Difference in political views between men and women. Norm-a standard of right or proper conduct political elites- Persons with a disproportionate share of political power political ideology- A more of less consistent set of beliefs about what policies government ought to pursue political socialization- Process by which backround traits influence ones political view poll- A survey of public opinion public opinion- how people think or feel about particular things random sample- Method of selecting from a population in which each person has an equal probability of being selected. sampling error- The difference between the results of random samples taken at the time. 2. Why would a “quick poll” or “snap poll” found on a political news web site not yield accurate results about public opinion?
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News stations and web site usually have their own target viewing audience and their own political agenda, so the people that are most likely going to that site are most likely going to lean toward the views of that station. 3. Discuss the advantages of disadvantages of having elected policymakers that frequently consult public opinion data. Should lawmakers base their decisions on what the public thinks? Why or why not? The advantage is it allows them to get a feeling on how the population feels about certain issues. A disadvantage is there are so many opinions about these issues, and if only certain people are asked they may not get accurate data. If a law maker is going to use this data to make their decision they need to make sure that the opinion polling is rigorous and includes all demo graphs in their district. 4. In the past, families were largely responsible for transmitting values—political, religious, or cultural—from one generation to another. However, because the family structure has been weakened by divorce and out-of-wedlock parenting, many of the traditional responsibilities associated with child-rearing, including political socialization, have fallen to surrogate parents, such as educators and media broadcasters. How important is it that children are taught political values by parents or other family members? Can children be properly socialized outside of the family structure? Do you think the lower-than-normal rate of
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chap 7-9 - Seth Norton POL2241 Brown Chapter 7 Public...

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