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CHAPTER 13 - Seth R Norton POL2241 Brown CHAPTER 13...

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Seth R. Norton POL2241 Brown CHAPTER 13: Congress 1. Please define the following terms: bicameral legislature – A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts. Caucus- An association of Congress members created to advance a political ideology or interest. closed rule- An order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limit on debate; forbids a bill form being amended on the floor. cloture rule- A rule used By Senate to end or limit a debate. concurrent resolution- An expression of opinion without the force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate, but not the President. conference committees- A joint committee appointed to resolve differences in the Senate and the House version of the same bill. conservative coalition- An alliance between Republican and conservative Democrats. discharge petition- A device by which any member of the house, after a committee has had the bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor. division vote- A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted. double-tracking- A procedure to keep the Senate going during a filibuster in which the disputed bill is shelved temporarily so that the Senate can get on with other business. Filibuster- An attempt to defeat a bill in the Senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the Senate from taking action on it. franking privilege- The ability of members to mail letter to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature for postage. joint committee- Committees on which both senators and representatives serve. joint resolution- A formal expression of congressional opinion that must be approved by both houses of congress and the president; constitutional amendments need not be signed by the president. majority leader- The legislative leader elected by party members holding the majority of seats in the house or the Senate. marginal districts- Political districts in which candidates elected to the house of representatives win in close elections; typically by less than 55%. minority leader – The legislative leader elected by party members holding a minority
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of seats in the House or Senate. multiple referral- A congressional process whereby a bill maybe referred to several important committees. open rule- An order from the House Rules Committee that permits a bill to be amended on the floor. party polarization- A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a majority of Republican legislators. pork-barrel legislation- Legislation that gives tangible benefits to constituents in several districts or states in the hope of winning their votes in return. private bill- A legislative bills that deals only with specific, private, or personal matter.
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