section3 - 19:46 What is abnormal psychology A field of...

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19:46 What is abnormal psychology A field of psychology that is concerned with the study, assessment, treatment,  and prevention of abnormal behavior 5 perspectives on abnormal psychology Biological o Medical/disease model o What causes mental illness Mental disorders are caused by dysfunctional biological processes o Consequences Symptoms, mental illness and physical illness Effort on diagnosis and brain pathology o Criticisms Makes people seem ill or dysfunctional Often times medical treatments don’t work or have harmful side effects Psychoanalytic o What causes mental illness? Childhood conscious Intra-psychic conflict Repressed sexual conflicts o Criticisms o Contributions
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Theres an alliance between counselor and counselee Childhood plays role in behavior Unconscious behavior Humanistic o What causes mental illness? Persons failure to find meaning in life and fulfill potential o Criticisms People have to see they have problems for treatment to work o Contributions Role of entropy Role of present, focus on present Behavioral perspective o What causes mental illness All behavior are learned responses to stimuli o Contribution Based on empirical evidence, can be short term theraphy Cognitive perspective o What care the causes Psychopathology, rooted in ones belifes, assumptions, and cognitive  schemas o Contributions Our perspective matters
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Interactionist perspective o Biopsycholosocial models o Diathese-stress models o Certain individuals are vulnerability to mental illness o Only when under certain conditions does mental illness develop  What is abnormal? Deviance – a behavior is considered deviant when it deviates or is different  from what society considers appropriate Statistical deviation – a behavior is considered deviant when it differs from a  majority of the population Maladaptive behavior – behaviors that get in the way of normal everyday  functioning Personal distress- behaviors that cause the person to be troubled by their  presence Deciding on abnormality Its very subjective Difference between diagnosis of physical and psychological abnormality The power of diagnosis/being labeled o Gladys burr put away 42 even though she was fine Stereotypes of mental illness Psychological disorders are incurable People with psychological disorders are often violent and aggressive People with psychological disorders behave in bizarre ways and are vey  different from normal people o Evidence – the rosenham (1973) study
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Went in falsely, other patients realized they were faking How do we classify mental disorders? There was no formal system until 1952
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This note was uploaded on 07/19/2009 for the course PSYC 107 taught by Professor Hull during the Spring '07 term at Texas A&M.

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section3 - 19:46 What is abnormal psychology A field of...

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