Practice Items MIDTERM _1 KEY

Practice Items MIDTERM _1 KEY - Practice Items Part I...

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Practice Items Part I – MIDTERM 1. Professor Aldon has just proposed a new theory of children’s social development, which goes beyond prior theory by incorporating several additional principles. His colleagues critique his theory, arguing that it is more complex than is needed. Based on this critique, Prof. Aldon’s theory can be said to be lacking: a. a logical, consistent framework b. accommodation c. parsimony d. falsifiability e. none of the above 2. In class and in your additional reading, we learned about a study by Pascual-Leone at Harvard Medical School. In this study, Pascual-Leone compared the neural response of two groups of people: those who had been assigned to physically practice playing a piano exercise and those who had been assigned to think about playing the piano exercise, without physically practicing it. In this study, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to: a. help map how the motor cortex was involved in finger movements while people were physically or mentally practicing b. help ensure that the participants were practicing mindfulness c. measure hemodynamic response in the brain d. demonstrate that the two groups had completely different neural responses e. none of the above 3. Two individuals are most likely to differ in personality if they are: a. fraternal twins who were raised together b. identical twins who were raised apart c. fraternal twins who were raised apart d. identical twins who were raised together. 4. Experiencing sudden pain is to ________ as recognizing that you are having a heart attack is to ____________. a. transduction; accommodation b. absolute threshold; difference threshold c. sensation; perception d. none of the above 5. The hindsight bias refers to people’s tendency to: a. dismiss the value of replication b. reject any ideas that can’t be scientifically tested c. exaggerate their ability to have foreseen the outcome of past events d. assume that correlation proves causation e. overestimate the extent to which others share their opinions
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6. Interpreting new sensory information within the framework of a past memory illustrates: a. accommodation b. sensory adaptation c. Weber’s lab d. top-down processing 7. Incorporating new information into existing theories is to ________ as modifying existing theories in light of new information is to ________. a. conservation; schema b. imprinting; maturation c. object permanence; insecure attachment d. sensorimotor stage; preoperational stage e. assimilation; accommodation 8. The electrical impulse from soma to axon that occurs when a neuron becomes excited is called a(n): a. action potential b. myelin sheath c. neural network d. interneuron 9. Which of the following is a benefit associated with behavioral observation as a method of data collection? a.
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This note was uploaded on 07/20/2009 for the course PSYCH PSYCH taught by Professor Geiselman during the Fall '09 term at UCLA.

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Practice Items MIDTERM _1 KEY - Practice Items Part I...

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