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12 THE SOVIET CASE

12 THE SOVIET CASE - THE SOVIET CASE USSR AVERAGE ANNUAL...

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THE SOVIET CASE THE SOVIET CASE
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USSR: AVERAGE ANNUAL GROWTH RATES INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION 16.0% 12.0% 17.0% 14.0% 10.0% 14.0% 1928-40 1928-55 1928/40- 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% OFFICIAL WESTERN 1946-55
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COMPARATIVE GROWTH: INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION Average Annual Growth (%) 12.3% 5.5% 1.9% 4.7% 4.4% 2.5% U.S.S.R U.S.A. Britain Germany France 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% Percent Growth 1928/40 1948/65 1869/99 1760/99 1801/41 1870/ 1913 1860/ 1930
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SOVIET ECONOMIC STRATEGY 1. High levels of capital accumulation a. Savings (Investment) Rate: 1928 = 13%; 1937 =26%; 1955= 28.1% 1.Concentration on Industry (unbalanced growth) a. Share of new investment-- 1928-1933 Industry = 40% Agriculture = 19% -> fell to 15% a. "Heavy" industry: production goods not consumer goods 1.Rural sector reorganization (collectivization) a. surplus extraction a. generates urban labor force creation of a working class
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LENINIST MOBILIZATION SYSTEM 1. Goal Structure rapid industrialization 2. Strategy total mobilization of all resource 3. Ideology historical materialism; scientific socialism, nationalism 4. Organization political party of a special type: "vanguard party" 5. Compliance Structure normative + coercive compliance
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SUCCESS FAILURE I. Heavy industrial sector = vested interest I. Economic complexity overwhelms central planning
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12 THE SOVIET CASE - THE SOVIET CASE USSR AVERAGE ANNUAL...

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