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KEY TERMS Gov312L Midterm2


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KEY TERMS- (COMPLETE) MIDTERM #2 American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC)- Second largest lobby in the US (#1 is the AARP) Its’ role since the 1970s in Congress: funding and information And is backed by think tanks such as WINEP (Washington Institute for Near East Policy) So powerful & influential, everyone in government gives in to its’ pressures big exception was G.W.H. Bush who rejected AIPAC pressures to preserve the Arab coalition 1990-91 to liberate Kuwait Has an overwhelming influence on foreign policy decision making Richard Haass President, Council on Foreign Relations: [his latest book, War of Necessity, War of Choice (May 2009) is strongly recommended! "It is one of history’s ironies that the first war in Iraq, a war of necessity, marked the beginning of the American era in the Middle East and the second Iraq war, a war of choice, has precipitated its end." Haas sees diminished US credibility An insider who participated in the making of two very different wars with Iraq Haass takes us into the heart of the decision making of the first Gulf War and witnesses the morass that produced the Iraq invasion Council for the National Interest Advocates Middle East policies that serve the American national interest Opposes the Israeli attacks on Gaza CNI Founding Chairman and former Congressman, Paul Findley "Most citizens are unaware of the startling fact that for years our U.S. Middle East policy has not been crafted by seasoned experts who are committed to America's basic national interests." Habeas Corpus President Lincoln suspended habeas corpus in Maryland April 27 1861 two weeks after Confederate attack on the Union garrison at Fort Sumter AND by President Ulysses S. Grant Pres. Bush signed: Military Commissions Act of 2006; a new law which banned the 430 detainees at Guantanamo Bay from filing writs of habeas corpus Arlen Specter (member on the Judiciary Committee) & Congress have been fighting against the dismissing of habeas corpus for prisoners at Guantanamo, but has lost (article: Killing Habeas Corpus) Specter, chairman of the Judiciary Committee, lead fight to preserve habeas corpus but at last minute voted for Bush Admin’s plan to restrict it Nobody in Congress interested in his proposals (Military Commission Procedures Act of 2002) in better handling the Guantanamo prisoners Bush ADMIN said that issue belonged to Exec. Branch Anglo-American jurisprudence by which prisoners can challenge their incarceration In habeas-corpus proceedings, the government is required to bring a prisoner before a judge & provide a legal rationale for his continued imprisonment
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Suspensions have been rare in history and cannot be done “unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it” [Article I, Section 9] Zbigniew Brzezinski Counselor and Trustee, Center for Strategic and International Studies Former National Security Adviser to President Carter Qibya raid Jordan had the longest and most complicated border with Israel.
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