This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: ARTICLE SUMMARIES – Midterm #2- GOV 312L Articles- Galbraith & Little 267-318 According to Professor Henry, we don’t need to read the Galbraith article, it was just intended to be a discussion topic in class during the 9 th week Little pg267-318: Seldom had hopes for an Arab-Israeli settlement been higher than in Oct 1991 (p267) o The Cold War was over, the Soviet Union was crumbling, and the Arab radicals could no longer count on the Kremlin to sell them arms. Israel was showing signs of flexibility… and for the first time Israeli and Palestinian representatives were sitting across from each other at the negotiating table (p267) o US committed to creating a New World Order grounded in Neo-Wilsonian faith (267- 268) Attempt 1: Oslo Accords 1993 – “peace for land” o For Israelis it meant: permitting establishment of Arab-controlled enclaves in Gaza Strip & W. Bank and limiting Jewish settlements in both territories o For Palestinians it meant: accepting Israel’s right to live in peace w/ its Arab neighbors behind secure borders & renouncing terrorist tactics for which the PLO had become notorious By late 1990’s this “peace for land” formula sparked bitter conflict bc neither side could agree on which lands & what kind of peace. Both sides still don’t agree on interpretation of peace (p268) US frightened bc no-peace was seen as antidote to Soviet subversion in the ME and for the Palestinian refugees (p270-271) o Truman Admin. helped secure passage of U.N. Resolution 194 on Dec 11 1948 194: “refugees wishing to return to their homes and live in peace w/ their neighbors should be permitted to do so at earliest practicable date” 194 was no easy task for commissioners; seemingly impossible Israeli President Chaim Weizmann: “policy on Palestinian refugees would not change… answer lies not in repatriation but in resettlement…” Attempt 2: Palestinian Repatriation o US Dept. experts began believing Israel could repatriate up to 200,000 Palestinians and US dollars could meet needs of the remainder. Israel, hesitant but eventually agreed to repatriate 100,000 (p271-272) Arabs instantly refused declaring the proposal as Israeli “propaganda scheme” Attempt 3: Economic Compensation: UN Resolution 302 (p271-272) o Truman shifted focus from diplomacy to development Gordon Clapp surveyed ME and concluded: Jordan River development project to settle Palestinian refugees on W. Bank and reduce pressure to repatriate them to Israel Project would increase jobs for Pales. and supply of land 302: had budget of 55 million, outlined by Clapp mission Arabs refused saying: “an economic approach ignored political aspirations of the Palestinians” o Charles Malik: “Truman Admin is creating impression that the US doesn’t give a damn about the Arabs… US Gov’t always yields to Zionist pressure” Suggested: Balfour Declaration in reverse, committing itself to establishment of a Palestinian homeland US officials said no. •...
View Full Document
- Spring '07
- Saudi Arabia, Camp David