Discussion 02-25

Discussion 02-25 - ETX 20 Discussion 02/25 Brittany...

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ETX 20  Discussion 02/25 Brittany Huntington bcrowland@ucdavis.edu Office Hours: Available via SmartSite chat room Or by appointment
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Outline Animal Forensics Forensic Anthropology Homework Assignments Forensic anthropology (measuring  long bones to determine stature) Due March 3 rd ! DNA and Paternity Due March 12 th !
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Animal Forensics: A division of nonhuman  forensics Application of animal DNA evidence has  led to: Advancements in extracting and  replicating trace amounts of DNA from  crime scenes samples Development of procedures for  identifying individuals based on highly  variable regions of the genome Implementation of statistical confirmation  of the validity of animal DNA profiling
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www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/forensics Same Techniques: STR profiling,  Mitochondrial sequence analysis Same Equipment Proficiency Testing Expert Witness Testimony California Colorado Georgia Indiana Michigan Nevada Oklahoma South Carolina Similarities to Human Labs Similarities to Human Labs
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www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/forensics DNA Analysis only Because the analysis of forensic animal evidence is a relatively young field,  much research is needed for every test that’s run.  For this reason, work is  limited to DNA only, where human labs often do microscopy or other  disciplines as well Many mammalian species (no humans) Unlike human labs, there is a need to have databases of many species  available to be certain of results Civil and criminal work Prosecution and Defense World-wide cases Requires a lot of time, money, and manpower Differences from Public Human Labs
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Pet Statistics Dogs >73 million 39% of all households 1.7 per household 41% sleep in bed Cats >90 million 34% of all households 2.4 per household 51% sleep in bed www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/forensics
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www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/forensics Civil Casework Missing pets Stolen or Missing Wander off and killed Natural disaster Identify attacker Pets People Identify Individual  Drug positive
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Victim Theft Abuse Dog Fighting  Perpetrator Dog attacks Destruction of property Witness Transfer of biological evidence Fraud (i.e. pedigree breeding) Criminal Casework
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www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/forensics Animal as Victim: Abuse Animal Cruelty is a Felony in 43 States  29 Enacted in the Last Ten Years Neglect States have varying definitions of neglect.  For criminal  charges, it is important to determine the time at which the  need of the animal became obvious and the owner still did  nothing Cruelty/Torture Dog Fighting Laws vary between states
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Discussion 02-25 - ETX 20 Discussion 02/25 Brittany...

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