Ch_322a_2.03 - 3 CH 3 gives ethyl CH 3 CH 2-Propane In CH 3...

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Functional Groups Groups of atoms that show characteristic chemical reactivity are called functional groups . When the functional group is part of larger organic structures, it is assumed that it will display the same basic chemistry.
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Alkyl Groups: Generic Symbol R- Alkane Alkyl Group Abbreviation CH 4 methane CH 3 - methyl Me- CH 3 CH 3 ethane C C H H H H H H CH 3 CH 2 - ethyl Et- CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 propane C C C H H H H H H H H CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 - propyl Pr- CH 3 CHCH 3 or CH 3 CH- CH 3 isopropyl i-Pr-
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Equivalent Hydrogens in the Simple Alkanes Methane and Ethane In CH 4 and CH 3 CH 3 , all the hydrogens are equivalent . Removal of any H in CH 4 gives methyl, CH 3 - Removal of any H in CH
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Unformatted text preview: 3 CH 3 gives ethyl, CH 3 CH 2-Propane In CH 3 C H 2 CH 3 , there are two groups of equivalent H. Removal of one of the 6 H gives propyl, CH 3 CH 2 CH 2-Removal of one of the two H gives isopropyl, CH 3 CHCH 3 The Symbol for a Generic Alkyl Group, R The symbol "R" is used generically for an alkyl group. Some Simple Alkyl Groups CH 3- methyl CH 3 CH 2- ethyl CH 3 CH 2 CH 2- propyl CH 3 CHCH 3 isopropyl all are designated in a general way by R-The general representation of an alkane is R-H ....
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