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Ch_322a_2.04 - number of alkyl or aryl groups 1 2 3 Primary...

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Alkyl Halides or Haloalkanes Alkyl halides are compounds that contain one or more halogen atoms (F, Cl, Br, I) in place of hydrogens in alkanes. The name haloalkanes is also used. examples CH 3 Br CH 3 CH 2 Cl Classification of Alkyl Halides Alkyl halides, and other functionalized alkanes, are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary according to the number of alkyl or aryl groups bonded to the carbon to which the halogen is attached. C C C C H H H H H H R R R R R R methyl primary secondary tertiary
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Unformatted text preview: number of alkyl or aryl groups 1 2 3 Primary Alkyl Halide C H H R primary (1 o ) C H H CH 3 ethyl C H H CH 3 ethyl chloride a primary alkyl chloride Cl Secondary Alkyl Halide C H R R secondary (2 o ) C H CH 3 isopropyl CH 3 C H CH 3 CH 3 Cl isopropyl chloride a secondary alkyl chloride Tertiary Alkyl Halide C R R R tertiary (3 o ) C CH 3 tertiary butyl CH 3 CH 3 C CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 Cl tertiary butyl chloride a tertiary alkyl chloride...
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