Ch_322a_2.08

Ch_322a_2.08 - general structure C=O : R H R may be alkyl...

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Aldehydes and Ketones The Carbonyl Functional Group C=O The carbon-oxygen double bond can be viewed as the combination of sp 2 hybridized carbon and oxygen atoms. 1s 2s 2p valence level atomic C 2s 2p atomic O 1s Aldehydes and ketones contain the very important carbonyl functional group .
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The carbon-oxygen double bond can be formed from combining atomic orbitals of sp 2 hybridized C and O atoms. sp 2 C 1s sp 2 p z valence level sp 2 O 1s sp 2 p z C . . . . sp 2 sp 2 sp 2 p z O . p z . .. . . sp 2 sp 2 sp 2 C . . . . O . . . . . . ! " The double bond is made up of sigma and pi bonds.
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Examples of Aldehydes and Ketones Aldehydes One of the two groups attached to the carbon atom is H.
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Unformatted text preview: general structure C=O : R H R may be alkyl or aryl The simplest aldehyde is formaldehyde with R= H. Ketones general structure C=O R R' R and R' are alkyl or aryl The two groups attached to the carbon are R and R'. No H. Aldehydes C=O : H formaldehyde H CH 3 C=O H acetaldehyde C=O H benzaldehyde Ketones CH 3 C=O CH 3 acetone C=O CH 3 acetophenone =O H 2 C CH 2-CH 2 CH 2-CH 2 C=O cyclohexanone Some Examples of Aldehydes and Ketones...
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This note was uploaded on 07/22/2009 for the course CHEM 322AL taught by Professor Jung during the Summer '07 term at USC.

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Ch_322a_2.08 - general structure C=O : R H R may be alkyl...

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