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Ch_322a_2.09 - Carboxylic Acids Amides and Esters...

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Carboxylic Acids, Amides and Esters Carboxylic acids have a general structure that incorporates the carbonyl and hydroxyl groups: C = O : : R OH R may be H, alkyl or aryl The characteristic functional group of a carboxylic acid is called the carboxyl group . Several ways of representing carboxylic acids: R- C = O : : OH : : RCO 2 H RCOOH
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Examples of Carboxylic Acids formic acid (R = H) H C = O : : OH : : HCO 2 H HCOOH propanoic acid (R = ethyl) C = O : : OH : : CH 3 CH 2 CO 2 H CH 3 CH 2 COOH CH 3 CH 2 benzoic acid (R = phenyl) C = O : : OH : : C 6 H 5 CO 2 H C 6 H 5 COOH
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Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids There are several families of organic compounds that are considered to be derivatives of carboxylic acids because their structures can be related to carboxylic acids through reaction with
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