Lecture+12-01-08+Oil+Development+in+Amazon

Lecture+12-01-08+Oil+Development+in+Amazon - And from Lago...

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Oil Development in the Amazon River Basin, Ecuador: Environmental Impacts, Environmental Justice
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Impacts of Oil Exploration Production Transport Refining, Petrochemical processing (eg, Richmond) Use Examples : automobiles: sprawl, air pollution, urban runoff carbon dioxide emissions, global effects Waste disposal
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Ecuador Size of Nevada, 13 million people 4.6 billion barrels proven reserves of oil (among largest in Latin America) Govt plans to produce 850,000 barrels/day Oil = half Ecuador’s exports, half govt revenue
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New York Times 10 Dec 2003
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The blocks designated for oil exploration by the government – showing both Ecuador and Peru
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Exploration Impacts Seismic Refraction : 30-ft wide paths cleared through the rain forest for many miles throughout the region. Seismic explosions used to send seismic signals through the earth to reflect back geologic structures. Exploratory drilling : promising sites are tested by drilling
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Pipelines run throughout the region to carry oil from production wells to processing centers near Lago Agrio
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Unformatted text preview: And from Lago Agrio the big pipeline transports oil across the Andes to the port at Esmeraldas In the 1987 earthquake, the pipe was broken at river crossings. Thousands of barrels of oil were spilled into the rivers, contaminating floodplains downstream. Although oil is the principal source of wealth for the government and the national economy, virtually none of the economic benefits stay in the Oriente. The region suffers the impacts of producing black gold ( oro negro ) without benefiting. The cities of Coco and Lago Agrio are badly polluted, with raw sewage running in the streets. Contrast: Compound for Ecuadorean military across the river features pool, gym, etc Oil companies build compounds for their workers (mostly foreign) fenced off from the realities of life for locals. Fenced off from the dirty city, hotels for foreign businessmen are nicely manicured. Conoco’s PR campaign Ultimately Conoco sold to an oil company with no retail outlets....
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Lecture+12-01-08+Oil+Development+in+Amazon - And from Lago...

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