cheeser - Father Involvement and Male Depression 1 Running...

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Father Involvement and Male Depression 1 Running head: FATHER INVOLVEMENT, ADOLESCENT MALES, AND DEPRESSION Father Involvement and Adolescent Male Depression: A Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Males Living without Fathers Gregory M. Sullivan St. Michael’s College
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Father Involvement and Male Depression 2 Abstract Unlike studies that examine the positive emotional factors of father involvement in adolescent males, this study examines how the lack of father involvement in adolescent males may relate to the phenomenon of depression. The current study included 50 adolescent (ages 12-18) males who were given the Beck Depression Inventory as a whole group, and then split up randomly to form a control group of 25 boys and an experimental group of 25 boys. During the 3-month experimental period, the experimental group was given a “father figure”. 25 male Graduate students attending Yale University were expected to participate as the father figures in the study as a graduation requirement. For 6 hours a day, 3 days a week, the boys in the experimental group spent time with their father figure, while the control group had no father figure for the 3- month experimental period. When the 3-month period concluded, the 50 adolescents were administered the Beck Depression Inventory a second time. The results from the second BDI indicated that the levels of depression significantly dropped for the experimental group when compared to the scores of their first BDI. The depression levels of the control group had no significant change as reflected by their BDI scores at test 1 and test 2. These data support the idea that males who mature through adolescence without a father figure may be at greater risk of depression.
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Father Involvement and Male Depression 3 Father Involvement and Adolescent Male Depression: A Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Males Living without Fathers Much research has been done exploring how one’s family involvement protects against unhappiness during adolescence. Hwang and Lamb (1997) found that even though father involvement is less frequent in a family setting, father involvement makes a unique contribution to offspring happiness in ways mother involvement does not. Similarly, in Flouri and Buchanan’s 2002, it was found that father involvement contributed more significantly than mother involvement to high levels of life satisfaction for adolescents. The same study showed specifically that father involvement with adolescent males contributed more significantly to life satisfaction than it did with adolescent females. In fact, when Flouri and Buchanan performed a follow up experiment in 2003 testing the perceptions of parental involvement from the adolescent’s point of view, it was found that adolescents reported father involvement to be more significant than mother involvement when assessing their own happiness (Flouri & Buchanan, 2003).
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cheeser - Father Involvement and Male Depression 1 Running...

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