Unformatted text preview: Symbolically, the Joint method of agreement and difference can be represented as: A B C occur together with x y z A D E occur together with x y w also B C occur with y z ?????????????????? Therefore A is the cause, or the effect, or a part of the cause of x. 4. Method of residues Symbolically, the Method of residues can be represented as: A B C occur together with x y z B is known to be the cause of y C is known to be the cause of z ?????????????????? Therefore A is the cause x. 5. Method of concomitant variations Symbolically, the method of concomitant variation can be represented as (with ? representing an increase): A B C occur together with x y z A? B C results in x? y z. ????????????????????? Therefore A and x are causally connected...
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 Spring '08
 Jacobs
 Psychology, Method, Causality, Mill's Methods

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