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BasicBioLecture_outline - CYTOSKELETON – The most...

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Biology of AIDS – Bio 80J Basic Biology Lecture INTRODUCTION TO IMPORTANT MOLECULES – Proteins, carbohydrates and lipids Nucleic Acids – RNA – ribonucleic acid DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid INTRODUCTION TO IMPORTANT CELLS AND CELLULAR FEATURES All organisms are made of cells. It is the basic unit of structure and function. Living organisms are composed of one of two major types of cells, PROKARYOTIC or EUKARYOTIC. Prokaryotic (pro = before; karyon = kernel) Eukaryotic (eu = true; karyon = kernel)
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Unformatted text preview: CYTOSKELETON – The most important of these functions include: - Reproduction or replication Recognition Endocytosis and exocytosis The last two major classes of functions are mediated via the cell membrane that contains a variety of embedded proteins. A....... Lipid bilayer B....... Phospholipids C....... Hydrophilic head D....... Hydrophobic tail E....... Cholesterol molecule F....... Integral protein G....... Peripheral protein H....... Cytoskeleton filaments I....... Alpha-helix protein J....... Glycoprotein K....... Carbohydrate CENTRAL DOGMA OF BIOLOGY: DNA -------> RNA ----------> PROTEIN --------> FUNCTION...
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