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Buildings and Land - Buildings and Land 18:33 What...

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Buildings and Land 18:33 What architecture does to impact  Land Consumption o Displacing natural ecology – clearing trees for building o Consuming that land Resource Consumption o Steel, Iron, Wood Energy Consumption o Buildings consume 50% of all energy o Transportation is only 30% o Remaining 20% is industrial Waste Produced by Buildings o High percentage of landfill mass is waste from construction sites Toxicity o Used in most buildings up to 1960s until found that it causes cancer MONTE ALBAN, OAXACA, MEXICO (3-7 C)     Zapotec city was build in 300-700 AD Early urban city construction Beautiful, fertile land In tongue-like valley
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Replication of valley in smaller scale in the middle Ball court with stairs Compact – not too much land consumption ALCOMA, NEW MEXICO (12-17 C) Extremely respectable of nature and physical considerations Built on one mesa in desert – didn’t build wall they let landscape be the wall  They learned about material o Working with sandstone, mud – adobe bricks Started in caves o Learned lessons in thermal mass Winter - Thick walls(dark and thick  so heats easily) radiates the heat during night - natural heater Summer – lived on rooftops to catch breezes Church – baroque Spanish style but extension of landscape
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MONT ST. MICHEL, FRANCE (12-16 C)     ascending towards God – everything thrusts you forward and rewarded with  amazing long view when at top harmony between nature and man “FALLING WATER,” BEAR RUN, PENN.,  FLW (1936)     Considered FLW’s best work
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Site is beautiful and natural He was imagining building on the site – not drawing sketches Horizontal ridges – natural stone, natural stone, FLW cement It seems like precise ridges of stone – feels like landscape In spring, house matches rocks In fall, house matches the trees In winter, concrete matches snow/ice There is more exterior space in house The stone the family used became the hearth of the house (fireplace) CONDOMINIUMS, SEA RANCH,   CALIFORNIA, MOORE/LYNDON/TURNBULL/WHITAKER (1965) Building emulates rock (shape, color) Courtyard made to be able to go outside and be protected from wind Made out of bug simple pieces of redwood TALIESIN WEST, SCOTTSDALE, ARIZONA, FLW (1938-1959)     Lived in Wisconsin during winter, and in Arizona during summer Compound of buildings that have  everything to do with landscape Not only low, but actually digs into ground Stone makes it look rough and rugged like desert surrounding it
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FLW did not have a style – it was all about the landscape(material, plants,  slope), people he worked with, etc.
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