StudyGuide1 - 15:47 US HISTORY 1301 [149] [L] [I] [V] =...

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15:47 US HISTORY 1301 STUDY GUIDE #1 [149] = page number in text [L] = lecture [I] = internet notes [V] = video [∑] = essay question CHAPTER 4 PROVINCIAL AMERICA and THE STRUGGLE FOR A  CONTINENT a. Political Culture in the Colonies .  Religious, economic, and political diversity  characterized the quite disunited colonies. 1. In a royal colony, the  King  appointed the governor.  In a propriety colony like  Maryland and  Pennsylvania/Delaware  the  proprietor  picked the governor.  In  charter colonies, the  assembly  chose the governor. [L] 2. How did the 13 colonies differ economically, religiously, and ethnically? [L] o New England Puritan merchant, fishing, small farms, naval stores o Middle Atlantic (NJ, NY, PA) Quakers, Anglican midsize farms, merchant, ship building
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o South (Maryland and below) Catholic, Anglican plantation staples, indigo, rice, sugar, naval stores o West Scots-Irish small subsistence farms 3.  Freemen elected the  assembly  throughout the colonies. [138] 4.  By 1752,  75%  of the colonists in New England voted. [138]  5. What was the difference between a “court” and “country” colonial  constitution? [138-39] o Country o Court b. The Renewal of Imperial Conflict . Colonists between Maine and Georgia  looked to Great Britain as their protector.  Hostile New France lay to the north,  Spanish Florida in the to the south.  In 1739 a third dynastic war began that  merged into King George’s War (1740-48).  Its repercussions were felt in North  America.  Not all people in America looked to Britain as the symbol of liberty.  Slaves gravitated toward Spanish power.  The Indians, as always, remained  divided.  The peace following the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) was really just a  truce setting the stage for the final war. 1. What were the causes of the global wars of the 18th century? [L] o Expansionism of Louis XIV of France o Expansionism of Frederick the Great of Prussia o Great Power Rivalry in the New World 2. What advantages did France and England enjoy against each other in North  America?  o France Cour du bois intermarried with Indians and knew the terrain Mohawk Valley and Hudson/Richelieu River the only route into Canada centralized government
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French army once reputed best in Europe o England outnumber French 15 to 1 in North America naval supremacy, especially after Quiberon Bay, 1759 greater financial strength Dutch money Iroquois alliance firm 1759: better strategic planning 3. Indians like the Six Nations of the  Iroquois  were connected to Britain through  the trade of  fur  exchange for  manufactured goods from Europe
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StudyGuide1 - 15:47 US HISTORY 1301 [149] [L] [I] [V] =...

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