StudyGuide2 - 14:55 HISTORY 1301[317[L[I[V STUDY GUIDE 2 =...

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14:55 HISTORY 1301 STUDY GUIDE #2 [317] = page number in text [L] = lecture [I] = internet notes [V] = video = possible essay question CHAPTER 8 COMPLETING THE REVOLUTION, 1789-1815 From last study guide: List the effects of the American Revolution. [L] Effects of Revolution o Ind of states; Fed republic 1787Border west Miss River o Republican government established o Religion disestablished 1786 VA Anglican disestablished 1833 Mass Puritanism disestablished o Taxes support education 1844 Horace Mann o Old links binding individuals together are broken o Abolishment of entail and primogeniture
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give all land to oldest son o Abolishment of slavery in the north immediate freedom 1780 – PA 1784 – NH gradual freedom 1780 – Mass 1784 – RI & CN A. Establishing the Government. The first role of the first American administration (Washington) was to stop the radicalism of 1776. The 2 political parties of the day--Federalist and Democrat-Republican--hated each other. The Republicans tilted toward France; the Federalists toward Britain. Trouble with England and France occupied the attention of the young republic between 1790-1815. 1. It was over the title of the president that Federalists wanted a “courtly” protocol and the Republicans a more “earthy” one. In the end, Congress settled on "Mr. President ." [264] 2. The Bill of Rights consumed the attention of James Madison (Speaker of the House) and the First Congress, 1790. [265] 3. The 1789 Judiciary Act established the Supreme Court. [265] 4. In his 1790 Report on the Public Credit, Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton wanted to consolidate all debts—foreign, state, and private—in the Federal government, thus attracting future investors to the new republic. [267] 5. Congress charted the Bank of the United States in 1791 to store federal funds. [267] 6. Congressmen and influential leaders from the state of Virginia opposed Hamilton’s debt funding scheme. The compromise was that in exchange for chartering the public and assumption of public debt, the capitol of the United States would be moved from Philadelphia to Virginia. [267-68] 7. How did debate over the army symbolize the competing visions of the Federalists vs. Republicans? [L] o Democrat-Republic View military power diffused among state militias 2
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peacetime armies threaten liberties of people o Federalist View Standing Armies are more reliable standing armies are tools of statecraft o 1792 Militia Act Regular army – 719 President calls out militia (Federalize it) for 90 days Federal circuit court must certify that rebellion exists and governor can’t handle it 8. Compare the competing views of Hamilton and Jefferson [I] 9. By the mid 1790, two parties had emerged in the first two-party face-off, the Democrat- Republicans and the Federalists. [I] B. The Republic in a World at War, 1793-1800. In 1792, French revolutionaries rejected their king and established a republic. The repercussions were felt in the US.
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