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Chapter 4 Spring 2008 Web - Chapter Four Social Interaction...

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Chapter Four Social Interaction  in Everyday Life Society, The Basics 9th Edition John J. Macionis
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Social Structure: A Guide to Everyday Living Social interaction  – the process by which  people act and react in relation to others.
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Status  – a social position that an  individual occupies. Every status is part of our social  identity. Status It defines who  and what we  are in relation  to others. 
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Status A status set  – all of  the statuses a  person holds at a  given time.
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Status Ascribed status  –  a social position a  person receives at  birth or assumes  involuntarily.
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Status Achieved status  –  a social position a  person assumes  voluntarily that  reflects personal  ability.
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A Master Status Some statuses matter more than others,  often shaping a person’s entire life. A master status  – a status that has  special importance for social identity.
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Role Role  – behavior expected of someone  who holds a particular status. Role performance varies according to  personality. Role set  – a number of roles attached  to a single status.
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Status & Role "Role" is what the doctor does (or, at  least, is expected to do), while status is  what the doctor  is . In other words,  "status" is the position an actor  occupies, while "role" is the expected  behavior attached to that position.  People  occupy  status. People  perform   roles. 
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Status Set and Role Set Figure 4-1
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Role Conflict and Role Strain Role conflict  – 
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