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2211mechanisms - 2 The Formation of Hemiacetals and Acetals...

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Organic Chemistry II Reaction Mechanisms You Should Know The following is a list of reactions for which you should be able to describe and draw the detailed mechanism of the reaction. You will have specific questions asking you to write out these mechanisms on exams (typically 1 or 2 on each exam). You may also have additional questions that will require detailed knowledge of the mechanisms in order to be answered correctly. Textbook reference pages are given for each mechanism. You should also know the mechanisms covered in Organic Chemistry I. Exam 1 1. 1,2 and 1,4 Addition of HX to a Conjugated Diene. Page 614. 2. Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution – Halogenation, Nitration, Sulfonation. Pages 692-698. 3. Friedel Crafts Alkylation and Acylation. Pages 699-707. 4. Ortho - Para and Meta -Directed EAS Reactions of Substituted Benzene Rings. Pages 724-734. Exam 2 1. Acid and Base-Catalyzed Hydration of a Carbonyl. Page 778.
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Unformatted text preview: 2. The Formation of Hemiacetals and Acetals. Pages 780-781. 3. The formation of an Imine. Page 785. 4. The formation of a Cyanohydrin from a Carbonyl. Page 791. 5. The Wittig Reaction. Pages 792-793. Exam 3 1. α-Halogenation of a Ketone or Aldehyde. Page 820. 2. Direct Alkylation of a Ketone or Aldehyde using LDA. Page 821. 3. Stork-Enamine Reaction. Page 823. 4. Aldol Condensation and Dehydration of an Aldol. Pages 824-827. 5. Conjugate Addition to α-β Unsaturated Carbonyls. Pages 836. 6. Michael Addition. Pages 839. Exam 4 1. Fischer Esterification. Page 878. 2. Reaction of an Reaction of an Acid Halide with a nucleophile. Page 914. 3. Acid and Base Hydrolysis of an Amide. Pages 931-932. 4. Nucleophilic Substitution of Aryl Halides via Benzyne. Pages 1018-1020. 5. Claisen Condensation. Pages 1062-1063. 6. Acetoacetic and Malonic Ester Synthesis. Pages 1071-1074. Final Exam - All the Mechanisms Listed Above....
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