A Summary of ICISS Report

A Summary of ICISS Report - http/www..org/index.php...

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World Federalist Movement – Institute for Global Policy 777 UN Plaza, NY, NY 10017 Phone: 1-212-599-1320 Fax: 1-212-599-1332 Website: www.wfm.org E-mail: [email protected] Responsibility to Protect – Engaging Civil Society A Project of the World Federalist Movement’s Program on Preventing Conflicts -Protecting Civilians S UMMARY OF T HE R ESPONSIBILITY TO P ROTECT : THE REPORT OF THE I NTERNATIONAL C OMMISSION ON I NTERVENTION AND S TATE S OVEREIGNTY (ICISS)
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2 World Federalist Movement – Institute for Global Policy 777 UN Plaza, NY, NY 10017 Phone: 1-212-599-1320 Fax: 1-212-599-1332 Website: www.wfm.org E-mail: [email protected] S UMMARY OF T HE R ESPONSIBILITY TO P ROTECT : THE REPORT OF THE I NTERNATIONAL C OMMISSION ON I NTERVENTION AND S TATE S OVEREIGNTY (ICISS) The Responsibility to Protect report, commissioned by the Government of Canada and produced in 2001 by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS), seeks to lay out alternatives to the deeply criticized “humanitarian interventions” of the 1990s. More specifically, the mandate of the drafters was “to try to develop a global political consensus on how to move from polemics – and often paralysis – towards action within the international system, particularly through the United Nations.” ICISS Report, para. 1.7 The report is available on line in several languages at www.ciise-iciss.gc.ca/report-en.asp . The World Federalist Movement-Institute for Global Policy (WFM) project Responsibility to Protect-Engaging Civil Society seeks to deepen the debate on the ICISS report and other writings that feed into the responsibility to protect framework. The following summary of the ICISS report was produced by WFM to emphasize the concepts in the report that are most relevant to WFM’s work. Unless otherwise indicated, all quotations are from the ICISS report. I NTRODUCTION “Millions of human beings remain at the mercy of civil wars, insurgencies, state repression and state collapse. This is a stark and undeniable reality, and it is at the heart of all the issues with which this Commission has been wrestling. What is at stake here is not making the world safe for big powers, or trampling over the sovereign rights of small ones, but delivering practical protection for ordinary people, at risk of their lives, because their states are unwilling or unable to protect them… The experience and aftermath of Somalia, Rwanda, Srebrenica and Kosovo, as well as interventions and non-interventions in a number of other places, have provided a clear indication that the tools, devices and thinking of international relations need now to be comprehensively reassessed, in order to meet the foreseeable needs of the 21 st century.” paras. 2.1 & 2.2 A N EW F RAMEWORK T HE E XPANDED V IEW OF S OVEREIGNTY AS R ESPONSIBILITY The concept of sovereignty signifies “the legal identity of a state in international law.” para. 2.7 In international relations, “sovereign states are regarded as equal, regardless of comparative size or wealth.” para. 2.7 “A condition of any one state’s sovereignty is a corresponding obligation to
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This note was uploaded on 07/26/2009 for the course INTA 2030 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at Georgia Tech.

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A Summary of ICISS Report - http/www..org/index.php...

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