This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: // T HE I N DUSTRIAL REVOLUT ION// W.7.8.09 1750-1850 pre-industrial time, completely different lifestyle 1850, completely blown away by the changes of a "city/town" o All of the landscape changed, giant buildings, air black soot, density of populations Capitalism in America o Why it happened there? How it happened there? Why it happened there before anywhere else? How it spread? In order to have an industrial revolution, society needs to already have taken care of subsistence needs. Needs to be some series of technical innovations. Free up the labor of others, to do the production of goods that are not just there fore survival. A series of technical innovations that gradually help replace human labor so that humans spend there time with food labor. o 1730/1740 similar to: FACTORS leading to an “industrial revolution”: 6th century CE - medieval Watermill Starting 7th century CE - medieval heavy plough 8th century - three field system (crop rotation): • Fallow, rotate crops…. • Autumn: wheat, barley, rye • Spring: oats, barley, legumes, lentils Starting 9th century - Horse plow and horseshoe Overseas trade Centralized but limited monarchy (i.e. William and Mary & English Bill of Rights) Other facors: • Separation between economic and political power • Social mores: people honor their word • Social mores: people willing to delay gratification Examples of tiny increment changes, and change of food supply, creating time availability for other areas of growth/leisure (similar to American Industrial inventions) o Access to extremely cheap raw labor materials o Centralized but limited monarchy:...
View Full Document
- Summer '09