THOMAS PAINE

THOMAS PAINE - //T HO MAS PA IN E, COMMO N SENSE// M.7.6.09...

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Unformatted text preview: //T HO MAS PA IN E, COMMO N SENSE// M.7.6.09 Thomas Paine, Common Sense (January 1776) o Government is a necessary evil o o o o Man surrenders up part of his property to furnish means for the protection of the rest Monarchy Monarchy is against God (note Paine's use of scriptural authority to make his point) Paine claims to use facts, plain arguments, common sense Recommendations for a Congress (note social contract language) Comes/Published half a year after the Declaration of Independence Suppose to be an approach to the political situation Army is against the polit ical power, a justification of that uprising, that's based on enlightenment "Common Sense" Appropriate language: o Not the case, finds i t necessary to do a restatement of Social Contract Give the narrative of the Israelite monarchy of how i t carried through history and how it ended o Yeah, whole things was over Decla r ation of I ndependence (1776), structure o o o o o Postulates (a priori): "We hold these t ruths to be self-evident . . ." Grievances (27) Declaration (our statement here makes i t t rue) English Bill of Rights: "By raising and keeping a standing army within this k ingdom in time of peace wi thout consent of Parliament . . ." American Declaration of Independence: "He has kept among us, in t imes of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures Note: gun r ights Second Amendment gun control ...
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