Lecture F 5-22

Lecture F 5-22 - o The Umayyad dynasty(661-c.750 capital = Damascus(Many –esp Shia-consider it illegitimate o War between Ali’s son

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Lecture F 5/22 1. Some Issues within Islam: o Free will or fatalism? o How should Muslims relate to non-Muslims ? What is “ jihad ”? o Should we read the Koran literally or metaphoricall y? (What does this imply about God?) 2. Political issues o Should the new leader be a male descendent of Mohammed? (Shia) Or someone selected by a council? (Sunni) o Does God vest authority in a special individual? (Shia) Or in the community of faithful? (Sunni) o Does the leader have spiritual authority? (Shia) Or only secular authority? (Sunni) o Shia = “Party of Ali” o Sunni = “Traditional Way” 3. 3rd caliph Uthman = assassinated. 4. 4th caliph Ali (Mhmd’s son-in-law) fails to prosecute the killers. o So: Mu’awiyya, governor of Syria & Uthman’s cousin, declares Ali’s rule illegitimate. War: Ali killed 661 in Kufa. Mu’awiyya makes himself 5th caliph : not elected, not a descendent 5. “the 4 righteous caliphs” (632-661) = #1-4
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Unformatted text preview: o The Umayyad dynasty (661-c.750); capital = Damascus . (Many –esp. Shia--consider it illegitimate.) o War between Ali’s son Husayn (Hussein) & Mu’awiyya’s son . Husayn killed at Karbala . o Shia cult of Ali and Husayn (criticized by Sunni as idolatry). o Sunni emphasis on law and councils > individual. 6. Shia o Imams = clergy o Spiritual leadership, divinely inspired, infallible o Koran = produced in time; imams can add to its pronouncements. o Koran has a hidden meaning which only imams can interpret. 7. Sunni o Ulama = learned judges o secular leadership, humanly fallible o Koran = eternal; o learned judges apply it 8. Koranic law is based on: o Koran (but who can interpret it?) o Hadith (but which ones?) o Consensus (of whom ?) o Extension by analogy 9. Shared Koran => very different laws in different areas....
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This note was uploaded on 07/26/2009 for the course MMW 654321 taught by Professor Smarr during the Spring '09 term at UCSD.

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Lecture F 5-22 - o The Umayyad dynasty(661-c.750 capital = Damascus(Many –esp Shia-consider it illegitimate o War between Ali’s son

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