Lecture F 6-5 - Lecture F 6/5 1 C.1085 Ch ristians conquer...

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Lecture F 6/5 1. C.1085 – Christians conquer Toledo (Spain), o = begin pushing back Muslims in Spain 2. Discover the Arabic libraries of Toledo: science, math, philos. 3. 12thc. -Archbishop of Toledo sponsored translation program Arabic => Latin 4. New European interest in science & reasoning; Univ. at Salerno (S. Italy) estd for medicine (c.1100) 5. 12th-c manuscripts on medicine at Oxford (pic) 6. 12thc. – Norman kings take over Sicily and S. Italy o royal court with Muslims, Jews, & Christians; o picks up structures of Arabic govt to establish first institutional govt in Christian Europe 7. C.1200, to educate govt officials, King Frederic II established University of Naples 8. C.1100 –rediscovery of Justinian’s Roman law code (lost since c.600) o = rediscovery of jurisprudence i.e. rational system of law 9. 12th c. – est. University at Bologna (Italy) to study law; o Europe’s first lawyers 10. Why did anyone care about Roman law? o Larger territories need law across different local customs o
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