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Unformatted text preview: o Increasing disparity between rich and poor o Increasing class conflict and internal hostilities o Loss of faith in / respect for/ the Senate 7. 1 st century B.C. – the struggle for power within Rome o Consuls: Pompey & Julius (50s B.C.) o Julius Caesar (“Caesar” = title, not name; = czar, kaiser) • “crossing the Rubicon” assassinated after 5 yrs o Civil war: Octavian vs Senators (Brutus…) o Octavian =Augustus (“Augustus” = title = “supreme”) 31 B.C.- o “bread and circuses” o ruled for 45 yrs 8. Augustus’s policies o Patriotism (serve in the army) o Piety (official religion, deified emperor) o Family (marry & have sons for army)...
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- Spring '09
- U.S. Senate, Bri tish House of Commons, cf U.S., Bri tish House