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Unformatted text preview: Lecture W 4/15 1. Roman concerns about Christian groups o T rajan and Pliny – 2 nd century • Public suspicion about what’s going on in their secret gatherings • Political anxiety about any social groups that meet often, esp. without govt oversight • Administrative opposition to Chr’n defiance of Roman authority • Should I bring these people to court just for being Christian or should I wait until they’re committing some sort of crime? The problem is that they are meeting as a group that the emperor has outlawed. Emperor = Trajan. Emperor supports Pliny’s idea of testing them. • He’s concerned with the fact that Christians is refusing to be obedient to Rome, forming their own separate society. • Minority religious sex under license of Senate, but they had to be willing to show up at the Roman appropriate festivals and offer their wines and stuff to the emperor. Christians are not being good Romans, are they trying to form some sort of separate kind of society? Concern is that these religious people will form groups that may be hostile to the government. o Diocletian – c300 • Refusal to worship the emperor [to accept his divine authority] • Refusal to serve in the military • Refusal to participate in civic religion [angering the gods, thus harming Rome] • Creation of a public spectacle of provoking martyrdom • Revolt against govt and destruction of govt buildings • Worship of himself, he needed soldiers and the Christians are refusing military service; claiming that their prayers will be more effective in protection but emperor doesn’t think so. effective in protection but emperor doesn’t think so....
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- Spring '09
- Arians, state money