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Lecture W 6-3

Lecture W 6-3 - Lecture W 6/3 1 Feudal Europe(6thc –)=...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture W 6/3 1. Feudal Europe (6thc. –)= result of converging factors: o Tribal invasions + Emperors’ move to Constantinople => political fragmentation of Europe o Lack of security (constant warfare) + lack of mobility (serfdom) => ruin of commerce; local subsistence o Lack of education; illiteracy o Expansion of Islamic empire cuts off Mediterranean trade; goods => unavailable: e.g. gold, oil, papyrus 2. The “3 estates”: o Fighters = “nobility” (warlords) o Peasants = farmers o Clergy (priests & monks) o No middle class; no social mobility 3. Feudal system (compare Guptas) o Government = indirect : • “King” wins allegiance of other nobility; Nobility command own troops & peasants o Loyalty = to a person, not a state ; no institutions 4. “Vassals” are granted “fiefs” in exchange for service. 5. Reward system requires constant warfare. 6. 8th century Europe: o Muslims raiding from the south; Vikings raiding from the north; Germanic & Scandinavian t ribes = still pagan...
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Lecture W 6-3 - Lecture W 6/3 1 Feudal Europe(6thc –)=...

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