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Unformatted text preview: Lecture W 6/3 1. Feudal Europe (6thc. )= result of converging factors: o Tribal invasions + Emperors move to Constantinople => political fragmentation of Europe o Lack of security (constant warfare) + lack of mobility (serfdom) => ruin of commerce; local subsistence o Lack of education; illiteracy o Expansion of Islamic empire cuts off Mediterranean trade; goods => unavailable: e.g. gold, oil, papyrus 2. The 3 estates: o Fighters = nobility (warlords) o Peasants = farmers o Clergy (priests & monks) o No middle class; no social mobility 3. Feudal system (compare Guptas) o Government = indirect : King wins allegiance of other nobility; Nobility command own troops & peasants o Loyalty = to a person, not a state ; no institutions 4. Vassals are granted fiefs in exchange for service. 5. Reward system requires constant warfare. 6. 8th century Europe: o Muslims raiding from the south; Vikings raiding from the north; Germanic & Scandinavian t ribes = still pagan...
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This note was uploaded on 07/26/2009 for the course MMW 654321 taught by Professor Smarr during the Spring '09 term at UCSD.
- Spring '09