Socl 3371

Socl 3371 - 1/14/2009 I. a. 3 Parts to CJS 1. Police 2....

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1/14/2009 I. a. 3 Parts to CJS 1. Police 2. Courts 3. Corrections II. Protect the public, maintain order, enforce law, identify criminals, bring the guilty to justice, and treat criminal behavior. III. Now terror attacks and cyber criminals. II. What is the goal of the CJS I. Crime Control Perspective a. To deter crime criminals from committing crimes, by using harsh punishments. II. Due Process Perspective a. Fair and equitable treatment. 1. Impartial hearings 2. Reasonable punishment 3. Trial by jury
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b. They believe its good to let the occasional criminal go free so the wrong person is not punished c. They air on the side of caution III. Rehabilitative Perspective a. Care for people who can’t care for their selves b. Would rather rehabilitate then punish them IV. Nonintervention Perspective a. Don’t brand them with the stigma of being a criminal b. If it is a non violent criminal then don’t brand them of being a criminal. 1. They believe that if they are branded as a criminal they will believe tht they are and commit more crimes. V. Justice Perspective a. Do Not judge people on past crimes, all crimes should have same punishment. III. The focus of this class is criminal law I. Criminal Law a. Substantive Criminal Law b. Procedural Criminal Law II. English common law
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a. Judges started writing down the decision they made b. Judges stated giving their sentences based on what other judges had done. IV. Criminal Law and the Constitution (Punishment is usually Incarceration) I. Conformity II. 5 Key Amendments a. 4 th : illegal search and seizure b. 5 th : Right not to incriminate your self, double jeopardy, ( due Process – Most important part) c. 6 th : right to a speedy and impartial trial by jury, right to be informed of any charges against you, right to confront any witnesses brought against you, right to an attorney d. 8 th : No excessive bail fines or punishment e. 14 th : Stated that all the previous amendments applies to all the states, laws can not be to over vague or too broad, law can not criminalize a persons status (drug addict)etc. f. Ex post facto laws: Once a law is passed you can not go back and punish someone for something they did in the past.
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III. Civil Law (Punishment is monetary) a. All law , other than criminal 1. Initiated by citizens, not the gov’t. 2. Think Judge Judy 3. Can be tried in both civil and criminal. IV. What is Crime a. Simple : Any act that violates criminal law and is punishable. b. Expanded: 1. Punishable under criminal law 2. Considered an offense against society and prosecuted by public officials 3. Punishable by statutorily determined sanctions 4. (Crime Vs. Deviance) a. Deviant behavior is crime c. What is Criminal 1. Consensus Model
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a. Based on the morals of a society i. Society based on there morals make laws. 2. Conflict Model
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Socl 3371 - 1/14/2009 I. a. 3 Parts to CJS 1. Police 2....

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