Exam1 - 8.28 3 parts of the CJS Police Courts Corrections Protect the public maintain order enforce laws identify criminals bring the guilty to

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8.28 3 parts of the CJS Police Courts Corrections Protect the public, maintain order, enforce laws, identify criminals, bring the guilty to  justice, and treat criminal behavior. Now: terror attacks, cyber criminals Like an assembly line- crimes committed, police find criminal, then courts, then  corrections carry out the punishment. Employs more than 2.4 million dollars Costs tax payers 150 billion dollars a year More than 7 million are under control of the justice system What is the goal of the CJS? Crime Control Perspective – proper role is to prevent crime o Try to deterred - Stopping crimes before they happen o More focused on victims – not the offendant o Believe police should have a lot of leeway with criminals to protect the  citizens o Conservative View Due Process Perspective - Fair and equitable treatment to those accused of a crime o Protect citizens from being falsely accused o Worried about innocent people being convicted of a crime and concerned  about an offender getting an objective trial without bias Rehabilitative Perspective o Goal should be to treat and care for people who can not care for  themselves, we should treat offenders who have mental problems so that  they can become productive once they get out of jail Nonintervention Perspective o Once you label someone a criminal it sticks with them – don’t put that  label on them – try to treat them some other way so they don’t feel like  that so they wont act like that o All non-violent offenders should not be in prison or jail Justice Perspective o All people should receive the same treatment o If you commit murder you should get the same sentence as another  murderer
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2 types of Criminal Law Substantive Criminal Law: defines what is a crime – rules or laws that say what  makes you a criminal and tell you what the punishment is – for citizens what they can  and cannot do Procedural Criminal Law: rules the criminal proceedings – for the criminal justice  system what they can and cannot do English Common Law- what our criminal law is based on Criminal Law and the Constitution Conformity 5 key amendments o Fourth - Outlaws illegal search procedures o Fifth – have the right not to incriminate yourself  gives you the right to a grand jury cant be tried twice for the same crime (double jeopardy) due process which is everyone gets fairness under the law and  everyone gets the same rights o Sixth – right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury Give you the right to an attorney Right to be informed of the charges brought against you
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This note was uploaded on 07/31/2009 for the course SOCL 3371 taught by Professor Raymandberranco during the Summer '09 term at LSU.

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Exam1 - 8.28 3 parts of the CJS Police Courts Corrections Protect the public maintain order enforce laws identify criminals bring the guilty to

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