RHCh1 - Introduction to Psychology Instructor: Ray Hawkins,...

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Introduction to Psychology Instructor: Ray Hawkins,  Ph.D. Office: SEA 2.208,  appt.) Phone: 232-3354 TA: Hani Freeman Syllabus  Web page:  http://homepage.psy.utexa  & Blackboard
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Myers’ EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 1 Thinking Critically with  Psychological Science James A. McCubbin, PhD Aneeq Ahmad, Ph.D. (Modified by Ray Hawkins, Ph.D) Worth Publishers
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Thinking Critically With Psychological  Science What is Psychology? Psychology’s Roots Contemporary Psychology
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Thinking Critically … Why Do Psychology? What About Intuition and Common  Sense? The Scientific Attitude Critical Thinking
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Thinking Critically … How Do Psychologists Ask  and Answer Questions? The Scientific Method Description Correlation Experimentation
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Thinking Critically … FAQs About Psychology Tips for Studying Psychology
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Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology Is the mind connected to  the body or distinct? Are ideas inborn or is the  mind a blank slate filled by experience? 
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Psychology’s Roots Prescientific Psychology Philosophy Greek - Roman conceptualization of human experience as  contemporary history-making, a philosophy of the moral life a  “reason to excel” (David McCullough, C-SPAN interview, 8-7- 05) Empiricism knowledge comes from experience via the senses science flourishes through observation and experiment psychological science refutes three theories of human nature  (Pinker, 2005): Locke’s “blank slate,” Rousseau’s “noble  savage,” and Descarte’s “ghost in the machine”
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Psychology’s Roots Wilhelm Wundt  opened the first  psychology laboratory  at the University of  Leipzig (c. 1879)
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Structure vs. Function Structuralism Analyze consciousness  into basic  elements Introspection Systematic, self- observation in  response to tones,  optical illusions, fruit… Functionalism Investigate purpose of  consciousness, not  structure Stream of consciousness Consciousness is a  continuous flow of  thoughts, not static Mental testing,  development, education,  individual differences
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Psychology’s Roots Structuralism used  introspection (looking  in) to explore the  elemental structure of  the human mind
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Psychology’s Roots Functionalism focused  on how behavioral  processes function - how  they enable organism to  adapt, survive, and  flourish Academic vs. Popular  Psychology; Historical  overview of Psychology  Introductory Psychology  (Hawkins’ guiding  anecdotes)
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Psychology’s Roots Myers’ Definition of Psychology The science of behavior (what we do) and mental  processes (sensations, perceptions, dreams,  thoughts, beliefs, and feelings)
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This note was uploaded on 07/31/2009 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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RHCh1 - Introduction to Psychology Instructor: Ray Hawkins,...

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