RHCh4 - Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 4 The...

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Unformatted text preview: Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 4 The Developing Person James A. McCubbin, PhD Aneeq Ahmad, Ph.D. (Modified by Ray Hawkins, Ph.D.) Worth Publishers Developing Through the Life Span Prenatal Development and the Newborn Conception Prenatal Development The Competent Newborn Infancy and Childhood Physical Development Cognitive Development Social Development Developing Through the Life Span Adolescence Physical Development Cognitive Development Social Development Emerging Adulthood Developing Through the Life Span Adulthood Physical Development Cognitive Development Social Development Reflections on Two Major Developmental Issues Continuity and Stages Stability and Change Prenatal Development and the Newborn Developmental Psychology a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change throughout the life span Developmental Psychology Issue Details Nature/Nurture How do genetic inheritance ( our nature ) and experience ( the nurture we receive ) influence our behavior? Continuity/Stages Is development a gradual, continuous process or a sequence of separate stages? Stability/Change Do our early personality traits persist through life, or do we become different persons as we age. Prenatal Development and the Newborn How, over time, did we come to be who we are? From zygote to birth, development progresses in an orderly, though fragile, sequence. Conception A single sperm cell (male) penetrates the outer coating of the egg (female) and fuses to form one fertilized cell. Lennart Nilsson/ Albert Bonniers Publishing Company Lennart Nilsson/ Albert Bonniers Publishing Company Prenatal Development A zygote is a fertilized egg with 100 cells that become increasingly diverse. At about 14 days the zygote turns into an embryo (a and b). Lennart Nilsson/ Albert Bonniers Publishing Company Biophoto Associates/ Photo Researchers, Inc. Prenatal Development At 9 weeks, an embryo turns into a fetus (c and d). Teratogens are chemicals or viruses that can enter the placenta and harm the developing fetus. Lennart Nilsson/ Albert Bonniers Publishing Company Lennart Nilsson/ Albert Bonniers Publishing Company Prenatal Development and the Newborn Teratogens agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) cognitive and physical abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant womans heavy drinking Cognitive Development Poor impulse control Poor judgment Hyperactivity Attention deficits Memory deficits Difficulty learning from consequences Immature social behavior Physical Development...
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RHCh4 - Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 4 The...

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