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RHCh12 - Myers EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY(7th Ed Chapter 12...

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Myers’ EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 12 Personality James A. McCubbin, PhD Aneeq Ahmad, Ph.D. (Modified by Ray Hawkins, Ph.D.) Worth Publishers
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Personality The Psychoanalytic Perspective Exploring the Unconscious The Neo-Freudian and Psychodynamic  Theories Assessing Unconscious Processes Evaluating the Psychoanalytic  Perspective
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Personality The Humanistic Perspective Abraham Maslow’s Self-Actualizing  Person Carl Roger’s Person-Centered  Perspective Assessing the Self Evaluating the Humanistic Perspective
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Personality The Trait Perspective Exploring Traits Assessing Traits The Big Five Factors Evaluating the Trait Perspective
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Personality The Social-Cognitive Perspective Reciprocal Influences Personal Control Assessing Behavior in Situations Evaluating the Social-Cognitive  Perspective
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Personality Exploring the Self The Benefits of Self-Esteem Culture and Self-Esteem Self-Serving Bias
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Personality An individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking,  feeling, and acting. Each dwarf has a distinct personality.
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What is Personality? Personality an individual’s characteristic pattern of  thinking, feeling, and acting basic perspectives Biological / Genetic (e.g., temperament theory) Psychoanalytic Humanistic Trait / Type research Personal narratives (McAdams, as described in  The Cult of Personality  by Annie Murphy Paul,  2004) Film
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The Psychoanalytic Perspective Freud’s theory   proposed that  childhood sexuality  and unconscious  motivations  influence personality
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Psychoanalytic Perspective In his clinical practice,  Freud encountered  patients suffering from  nervous disorders. Their  complaints could not be  explained in terms of  purely physical causes. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Culver Pictures
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Psychodynamic Perspective Freud’s clinical  experience led him to  develop the first  comprehensive theory of  personality, which  included the  unconscious  mind psychosexual  stages  and  defense  mechanisms . Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Culver Pictures
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Exploring the Unconscious A reservoir ( unconscious mind ) of mostly  unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and  memories. Freud asked patients to say whatever came  to their minds ( free association ) in order to tap the  unconscious. http://www.english.upenn.edu
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Dream Analysis Another method to analyze the unconscious mind is  through interpreting manifest  and latent  contents of  dreams. The Nightmare , Henry Fuseli (1791)
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Psychoanalysis The process of free  association (chain of  thoughts) leads to painful,  embarrassing unconscious  memories. Once these  memories are retrieved and  released ( treatment:  psychoanalysis ) the patient  feels better.
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Model of Mind The mind is like an iceberg. It is mostly hidden, and 
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