RHCh10 - Myers' EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 10...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–16. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Myers’ EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 10 Motivation James A. McCubbin, PhD Aneeq Ahmad, Ph.D. Clemson University (Modified by Ray Hawkins, Ph.D.) Worth Publishers
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Motivation Motivational Concepts Instincts and Evolutionary  Psychology Drives and Incentives Optimum Arousal A Hierarchy of Motives
Background image of page 2
Motivation Hunger The Physiology of Hunger The Psychology of Hunger Obesity and Weight Control
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Motivation Sexual Motivation The Physiology of Sex The Psychology of Sex Adolescent Sexuality Sexual Orientation Sex and Human Values
Background image of page 4
Motivation The Need to Belong Achievement Motivation Identifying Achievement Motivation Sources of Achievement Motivation
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Motivation Motivation is a need or  desire that  energizes   behavior and  directs  it  towards a goal. Aron Ralston was  motivated to cut his arm  in order to free himself  from a rock that pinned  him down. Aron Ralston AP Photo/ Rocky Mountain News, Judy Walgren
Background image of page 6
Perspectives on Motivation Four perspectives used to explain motivation include  the following:  1. Instinct Theory (replaced by  the evolutionary perspective) 2. Drive-Reduction Theory 3. Arousal Theory 4. Hierarchy of Motives Film
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Instincts are complex behaviors that have fixed  patterns throughout different species and are not  learned (Tinbergen, 1951). Where the woman builds different kinds of houses the bird builds only one kind of nest. © Ariel Skelley/ Masterfile Tony Brandenburg/ Bruce Coleman, Inc.
Background image of page 8
Imprinting (Tinbergen, 1951) 12.03
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Drives and Incentives When the instinct theory of motivation failed, it was  replaced by the drive-reduction theory. A  physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a  drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
Background image of page 10
Incentive Where our needs  push,   incentives  (positive or negative  stimuli)  pull  us in reducing our drives. A food-deprived person who smells baking bread (incentive) feels a strong hunger drive. Film
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Optimum Arousal Human motivation aims to seek optimum levels of  arousal, not to eliminate it. Young monkeys and  children are known to explore the environment in the  absence of a need-based drive. Harlow Primate Laboratory, University of Wisconsin Randy Faris/ Corbis
Background image of page 12
Yerkes-Dodson Law
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Novelty and arousal
Background image of page 14
Abraham Maslow (1970)  suggested that certain needs  have priority over others.  Physiological needs like  breathing, thirst, and  hunger come before  psychological needs such as  achievement, self-esteem,  and the need for  recognition. (1908-1970)
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 16
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 07/31/2009 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

Page1 / 76

RHCh10 - Myers' EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 10...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 16. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online