Exam 1 Notes.docx - Exam 1 Notes 1.1 Atlantic Revolutions...

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Exam 1 Notes1.1 Atlantic Revolutions: War for Independence in British North AmericaKey Terms-Revolution-Liberalism-Empire: larger authority controlling and maintain colonies, or other states and peoples-Popular sovereignty: an aspect of “New languages of Freedom”, governments are made by and rely upon the people-Mercantilism: government controls trade and economy. Goal to export more and import less-Adam Smith-Free Trade-Nationalism-Nation State: an aspect of “New languages of Freedom”, the state should coincide with” the people” constituted as a nation. This territoryoccupied by a national community has a sovereign government to rule that territory.-Nation: : A community of people who believe they share a common culture, history, and future destiny, implies exclusion-Imagined Community: when too many people are supposed to believe that they share common experiences with all members of a national community, but in reality they might not share a bond with everyone-Seven Years War-George Greenville: prime minister of Britain, taxed colonist-Sugar Act-Stamp Act-Currency Act-Boston Massacre-Thomas Paine-Common Sense-West Indies (Revolutionary War)-Abigail AdamsMain Points-Revolutions were inspired by liberal languages of freedom-New languages of freedom inspired the creation of nation states-The war for independence in North America was also one among empire-The Revolution’s reliance on new languages of freedom raised questions about political authority, representation, individual rights, and enslavement
Napoleon Invades Egypt and Syria-Allowed French to seize trade routes over Asia-Introduced some principals of the Revolution-All citizens of a nation can participateLiberal Revolutions driven by “New languages of Freedom”-Free Trade, free speech, private property-Popular sovereignty: governments are made by and rely upon the people-Humans are rational, born with rights to liberty-Nation state: the state should coincide with ”the people” constituted asa nation. This territory occupied by a national community has a sovereign government to rule that territory.-Nation: A community of people who believe they share a common culture, history, and future destiny, implies exclusionThe Bourgeoise-Wealthy, propertied, non-noble revolutionary group-Wanted landowning rights for white men-Small percentage of white menMercantilism-Emerged out of feudalism-European governments regulate economy to increase national wealth-Increase exports decrease imports-East/ West India company has monopoly-Trade was seen as competition between nations, mostly trade with colonies“New Languages of freedom”-Private ownership of means of production (more production=more wealth)-Pursuit of private profit-Businesses should be able to trade with whoever they want-Price of labor are determined by individuals on market-Basically, wanted the people to decide not government have controlFactors Leading to War for Independence-French and Indian War (7 Years War)oFought between French, native allies against Britain & British

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