Customs of the Tagalogs ( Las custumbres de los indios Tagalos de Filipinas ) By Juan de Plasencia
Author’s Background Juan de Plasencia • Born in the 16 th century to the illustrious family of the Portocarreros in Plasencia in the region of Extremadura, Spain. • His real name is Joan de Puerto Carrrero, del convento de Villanueva de la Serena • He was a Spanish Friaar of the Franciscan order. • Said to have been inspired to be a Franciscan because of his upbringing spent during a spiritual and religious resurgence affected by Spain’s siglo de oro.
• Well reputed as the one who took the leading role in fostering the spread of primary education. • Converted natives, taught catechisms, and organized towns and barangays in the Philippines. • Promoted the understanding of both the Spanish language among the natives, and the local languages among the missionaries, to facilitate the task of spreading Christianity. • Initiated the Reduccion Policy – Policy to reduce or resettle native in central locations • Some of his works aimed to put an end to some injustices being committed against the natives by certain government officials.
Arrival in the Philippines • Came with the first batch of Franciscan missionaries in the Philippines in 1577. Life in the Philippines • Started preaching in Laguna de Bay and Quezon areas as early as two months upon arrival in manila. • Also preached in provinces in Bulacan and Rizal. • Elected as the custos of the friars in May 23, 1584 and held it until 1588. • Passed away in Liliw, Laguna in the year 1590.
Literary Works • Arte de la Lengua (Art of Language) • Vocabulario • Coleccion de frances tagala (Collection of Tagalog Phrases) • Catecismo de la Doctrina Cristiana (1581) -Translated the Christian Doctrines in Tagalog • Diccionario tagalog (1580) • La Santina (1585) – Opus on prayer nd meditation • Relacion de las Costumbres de Los tagalos (1589) – First Civil Code of the Philippines • Customs of the Tagalogs (Juan de Plasencia)
Historical Background of the Documents Customs of the tagalogs is a part (either chapters or subsections) of longer monographs written by the chroniclers of the Spanish expeditions to the Philippines during the early 16 th and 17 th centuries. They appeared initially in Blair and Robertson’s 55 volumes, The Philippine Islands (1903) and in the Philippine Journal of Sciences (1958).
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- Fall '19