anthropology 12

anthropology 12 - Some prediction suggested by this...

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Christie Strawser Anthropology Study Guide 4/8/2008 Why Are Some Animals So Smart? The unusual behavior of orangutans in a Sumatran swap suggests a surprising answer. This Machiavellian intelligence hypothesis suggests that success in social life relies on cultivating the most profitable relationships and on rapidly reading the social situation – for instance- when deciding whether to come to the aid of an ally attacked by another animal. Hence, the demands of society foster intelligence because the most intelligent beings would be most successful at making self-protective choices and thus would survive to pass their genes to the next generation. Machiavellian traits may not be equally beneficial to other lineages, however, or even to all primates, and so this notion alone is unsatisfying. Culture promotes intelligence. The article states that the Suaq Orangutans learn from one another and have the capabilities to work closer to one another thus learning from eachother suggesting that their culture has allowed them to develop the need for tool use.
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Unformatted text preview: Some prediction suggested by this intelligence-through-culture hypothesis are that the most intelligent animals are also more likely to live in populations in which the entire group routinely adopts innovation introduced by the members. Another important prediction is that the propensities for innovation and social learning must have coevolved. It has been found that primate species who show more evidence of innovation are also those that show the most evidence for social learning. Once we wre human ( in evolution) cultural history began to interact with innate ability to improve performance. 150,000 years after the origin of our own species, human symbolism (art, music, burial gifts) were wide spread. The explosion of technology in the past 10,000 years show that cultural inputs can unleash limitless accomplishments, all with Stone Age brains. Culture can indeed build a new minds from an old brain....
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