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lecture2 - Developmental Psychology Professor S Shanker TA...

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Developmental Psychology Professor : S. Shanker TA: J. Burman L
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2 Origins of Developmental Psychology Baby Biographies Comparative psychology
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3 Problem with Early Research: Bias Overattribution Cuing (Clever Hans phenomenon) Anthropomorphism
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4 Normative approach : G. Stanley Hall, Binet age-related averages computed from measures of behaviour taken on large numbers of children purely descriptive, not explanatory Problem with this approach: often the most interesting information is in the ‘tails’ Problem of Equifinality
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5 Equifinality Children can reach same end-point via different developmental pathways: (a) children that have different ‘initial conditions’ can reach the same ‘endpoint’ (b) children that have same ‘initial conditions’ can reach the same ‘endpoint’ via different development routes
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6 Theory and Hypothesis Hypothesis is a prediction about behaviour drawn directly from a theory sometimes you may want to pit hypotheses from rival theories against each other Almost always you want to prove a theory, but sometimes you have no theory in mind; open-ended research question designed to stimulate a theory
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7 Systematic Observation a. naturalistic (field) observation may not see behaviour you’re interested in; too many interfering distractions, etc.
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