2001 Electricity

2001 Electricity - AP Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: AP Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism 2001 Free-Response Questions The materials included in these files are intended for use by AP teachers for course and exam preparation in the classroom; permission for any other use must be sought from the Advanced Placement Program. Teachers may reproduce them, in whole or in part, in limited quantities, for face-to-face teaching purposes but may not mass distribute the materials, electronically or otherwise. These materials and any copies made of them may not be resold, and the copyright notices must be retained as they appear here. This permission does not apply to any third-party copyrights contained herein. These materials were produced by Educational Testing Service (ETS), which develops and administers the examinations of the Advanced Placement Program for the College Board. The College Board and Educational Testing Service (ETS) are dedicated to the principle of equal opportunity, and their programs, services, and employment policies are guided by that principle. The College Board is a national nonprofit membership association dedicated to preparing, inspiring, and connecting students to college and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 3,900 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves over three million students and their parents, 22,000 high schools, and 3,500 colleges, through major programs and services in college admission, guidance, assessment, financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning. Among its best-known programs are the SAT®, the PSAT/NMSQT™, the Advanced Placement Program® (AP®), and Pacesetter®. The College Board is committed to the principles of equity and excellence, and that commitment is embodied in all of its programs, services, activities, and concerns. Copyright © 2001 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved. College Board, Advanced Placement Program, AP, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board. 2001 AP® PHYSICS C: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS PHYSICS C Section II, ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM Time— 45 minutes 3 Questions Directions: Answer all three questions. The suggested time is about 15 minutes for answering each of the questions, which are worth 15 points each. The parts within a question may not have equal weight. Show all your work in the pink booklet in the spaces provided after each part, NOT in this green insert. E&M 1. A thundercloud has the charge distribution illustrated above left. Treat this distribution as two point charges, a negative charge of -30 C at a height of 2 km above ground and a positive charge of +30 C at a height of 3 km. The presence of these charges induces charges on the ground. Assuming the ground is a conductor, it can be shown that the induced charges can be treated as a charge of +30 C at a depth of 2 km below ground and a charge of -30 C at a depth of 3 km, as shown above right. Consider point P1, which is just above the ground directly below the thundercloud, and point P2, which is 1 km horizontally away from P1. (a) Determine the direction and magnitude of the electric field at point P1. (b) i. On the diagram above, clearly indicate the direction of the electric field at point P2. ii. How does the magnitude of the field at this point compare with the magnitude at point P1? ___ Greater ___ Equal ___ Less Justify your answer (c) Letting the zero of potential be at infinity, determine the potential at these points. i. Point P1 ii. Point P2 (d) Determine the electric potential at an altitude of 1 km directly above point P1. (e) Determine the total electric potential energy of this arrangement of charges. Copyright © 2001 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved. Advanced Placement Program and AP are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. 8 2001 AP® PHYSICS C: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS E & M 2. You have been hired to determine the internal resistance of 8.0 µF capacitors for an electronic component manufacturer. (Ideal capacitors have an infinite internal resistance — that is, the material between their plates is a perfect insulator. In practice, however, the material has a very small, but nonzero, conductivity.) You cannot simply connect the capacitors to an ohmmeter, because their resistance is too large for an ohmmeter to measure. Therefore you charge the capacitor to a potential difference of 10 V with a battery, disconnect it from the battery and measure the potential difference across the capacitor every 20 minutes with an ideal voltmeter, obtaining the graph shown above. (a) Determine the internal resistance of the capacitor. The capacitor can be approximated as a parallel-plate capacitor separated by a 0.10 mm thick dielectric with κ = 5.6. (b) Determine the approximate surface area of one of the capacitor “plates.” (c) Determine the resistivity of the dielectric. (d) Determine the magnitude of the charge leaving the positive plate of the capacitor in the first 100 min. Copyright © 2001 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved. Advanced Placement Program and AP are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board. GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. 9 2001 AP® PHYSICS C: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS E&M 3. The circuit shown above consists of a battery of emf e in series with a rod of length l, mass m, and resistance R. The rod is suspended by vertical connecting wires of length d, and the horizontal wires that connect to the battery are fixed. All these wires have negligible mass and resistance. The rod is a distance r above a conducting cable. The cable is very long and is located directly below and parallel to the rod. Earth’s gravitational pull is toward the bottom of the page. Express all algebraic answers in terms of the given quantities and fundamental constants. (a) What is the magnitude and direction of the current I in the rod? (b) In which direction must there be a current in the cable to exert an upward force on the rod? Justify your answer. (c) With the proper current in the cable, the rod can be lifted up such that there is no tension in the connecting wires. Determine the minimum current I c in the cable that satisfies this situation. (d) Determine the magnitude of the magnetic flux through the circuit due to the minimum current I c determined in part (c). END OF SECTION II, ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM Copyright © 2001 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved. Advanced Placement Program and AP are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board. 10 ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online