Lect2A_07_StudyGuide - large complex and diverse organic...

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Lecture 2A - Properties of Water and Functional Groups 10/2/07 1. With the use of a diagram or diagrams, explain why water molecules are polar and capable of hydrogen bonding with neighboring water molecules 2. Distinguish between hydrophobic and hydrophilic substances. 3. Name the products of the dissociation of water and give their concentration in pure water. 4. Define acid, base, and pH. 6. Explain how acids and bases may alter the hydrogen ion concentration of a solution. 6. Using the bicarbonate buffer system as an example, explain how buffers work. 7. Explain how carbon’s electron configuration accounts for its ability to form
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Unformatted text preview: large, complex, and diverse organic molecules. 8. Name the major functional groups found in organic molecules. Describe the basic structure of each functional group and outline the chemical properties of the organic molecules in which they occur. Word List acid aqueous solution base buffer hydronium ion hydrophilic hydrophobic hydroxide ion pH polar molecule solvent aldehyde amino group carbonyl group carboxyl group functional group hydroxyl group ketone organic chemistry phosphate group sulfhydryl group...
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