ch 3 review american gov

ch 3 review american gov - The Federal Framework State and...

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The Federal Framework State and local governments play such important roles in the lives of American citizens because the United States is a federal system in which other levels of government are assigned considerable responsibility. The enduring significance of state and local governments reflects the founders’ distrust of centralized power. I. How does a federal system differ from other forms of government? The national government plays an increasingly more prominent role in protecting liberty and promoting equality in our lives since the Great Depression. As a result, the vast majority of government responsibilities are now shared by the national and state governments. By funding social welfare programs and setting national standards, the federal government helps limit inequality across the states. A federal system is one in which powers of government are shared by the national government and the state governments. II. How does federalism limit the power of the national government? The national government is given certain “expressed powers,” which can be found in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution. However, the seventeen expressed powers are enhanced by the implied powers, which are based on the necessary and proper clause. The Antifederalists pushed for and got the Tenth Amendment, which states that any powers not granted to the national government are reserved to the states or to the people. o The powers reserved to the states are generally referred to as the “police powers,” which gives the states the power to regulate the health, safety, welfare, and morality of the residents of the state. Some of the powers of the national government are shared with the states and are said to be concurrent powers (taxing, borrowing). The Constitution attempts to promote national unity through Article IV and the “Full Faith and Credit” provision, which provide that the civil acts (marriage and divorce) are recognized in other states. Local governments are omitted from the Constitution—deferring such matters to the state constitutions. Some argue that state governments are closer to the people and should have more responsibilities.
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ch 3 review american gov - The Federal Framework State and...

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