study guide 2 - Exam 2 will cover information provided on...

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Exam 2 will cover information provided on the following topics for Module 2: * Fats * Fats and Health * Digestion * Fat Soluble Vitamins * Water Soluble Vitamins * Minerals Study Questions for Fats 1. List the three essential fatty acids: Linoleic; linolenic; and arachidonic 2. Draw the structure of a triglyceride, it is made up of which molecules. Don't have to draw the structure but must know that a triglyceride is made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids (FFA) 3. How much cholesterol does our body synthesize? ~ 1000 to 1500 mg cholesterol per day What are some of the functions of cholesterol in the body? Nerve coatings; precursor for Vitamin D; bile salt formation; cell membrane integrity 4. Fatty acid are different primarily because of two factors chain length and degree of saturation How does this affect the properties of fats, such as melting point? Found in Table on page 66, For Saturated fats as chain length increases, melting pt. increases; For unsaturated fats as double bonds increase, melting pt. decreases. 5. What is a saturated fatty acid? Molecule is completely surrounded or saturated with hydrogen 6. What is a polyunsaturated fatty acid? Molecule has gaps and double bonds in certain regions of the fat. 7. Animal fats are solid at room temperature, while vegetable fats are liquid at room temperature. 8. The conversion of unsaturated fatty acid to saturated fatty acid is termed hydrogena- tion 9. List five functions that dietary fat are involved in. Energy (9 kcal/gm); Essential fatty acids; Source of fat soluble vitamins; Protection; and Palatability List the 4 types of lipoprotein found in the body. chylomicron; VLDL (very low density lipoprotien); LDL (low density lipoprotein); and HDL (high ensity lipoprotein) Which one of the above is responsible for transporting fat from intestine to liver? Chylomicron via lymphatic system
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Which are responsible for transporting fat to the cells? VLDL (very low density lipopro- tien); LDL (low density lipoprotein); and HDL (high density lipoprotein) Which one is thought to protect you from cholesterol damage and atherosclerosis? HDL (high density lipoprotein) What is the termed used to describe "visible hardened fat deposits"? Cellulite Name the tissue where fat is deposited and how many Kcal's of energy there are per pound of this tissue: Adipose tissue at ~3500 kcal Study Questions for Fats and Health 1. How does ketosis result? Incomplete oxidation of fatty acids resulting in production of ketone bodies 2. The three states of ketosis are: Untreated diabetes; low carbohydrate diets (Atkins diet); fasting 3. Name three ketone bodies produced during ketosis. Acetoacetic acid; betahydroxy butyric acid; acetone Which one is found in the breadth? acetone Plaque formation is the pathological characteristic for what disease: Atherosclerosis/Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) What results when an artery is clogged to the heart? Heart Attack; brain? Stroke; limb?
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study guide 2 - Exam 2 will cover information provided on...

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