PHIL Aquinas and Descartes

PHIL Aquinas and Descartes - Gibbs 1 Robin Gibbs Professor...

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Gibbs 1 Robin Gibbs Professor Sullivan PHIL 100 April 26, 2007 The Existence of God The existence of God has been proven in many different ways, by many people. Thomas Aquinas and Rene Descartes are two. Aquinas states that everything that has existed or will exist has a cause, and that the first cause of everything is God. Descartes states that God must exist because he has an idea of God, because he himself exists, and that God cannot be separated from existence. Descartes’ arguments for God’s existence work through his reasoning and knowledge. Thomas Aquinas bases his argument on cause. He states that everything that happens has a cause, and that each cause had a cause before it, all the way back to a finite starting point, which is God. Everything that exists had to have resulted from some prior happening or thing. This series either goes back into infinity, or there is a specific starting point. If there is a specific starting point, then the first cause is God. Aquinas’ argument rests on the assumption that everything has reason. It’s a comforting notion that everything is happening as a result of some chain of events that was all set into motion by God. Aquinas’ argument says that God started everything. Descartes’ first argument for the existence of God is that he has an idea of God, and so
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PHIL 101 taught by Professor Sullivan during the Spring '07 term at New Mexico.

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PHIL Aquinas and Descartes - Gibbs 1 Robin Gibbs Professor...

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