MethodsStudyG.#1 - COMMUNICATION 3750 : STUDY GUIDE 1ST...

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COMMUNICATION 3750 : STUDY GUIDE 1 ST EXAM Chapter 1 1. Everyday ways of knowing : When we rely on knowledge that we have not questioned or tested, we use everyday ways of knowing- the acceptance of information at face value. There are five common everyday way of knowing: 1. personal experience 2. intuition 3. Authority 4. Appeals to tradition, custom, and faith; and 5. magic, superstition/mysticism. Everyday ways of knowing can certainly lead to valid knowledge and it surely is impossible to question and test every piece of knowledge we hear/possess. The problem with everyday ways of knowing occurs when we should question what is assumed to be true, but do not because we accept things simply at face value. (Everyday ways of knowing are only good as starting points for the systematic pursuit of knowledge. They do not lead to valid knowledge.) Fundamental difference between Everyday ways of knowing and research is when we go beyond the particular ways of knowing to question and test what we know and don’t know, we then engage in research. 2. Six characteristics of Research 1.) Research is based on curiosity and asking questions. -Research methods are viewed as strategies researchers use to solve puzzling mysteries about the world. 2.) Research is a systematic process. - Research proceeds in a careful step-by-step manner, ensure that researchers find and report what is accurate. 3.) Research is potentially replicable - replication can produce distorted results 4.) Research is reflexive and self-critical. - Reflexive in that researchers explicitly examine their methods to discover and report flaws or threats to the validity of any findings from a study. Researchers are their own best critics. 5.) Research is cumulative and self-correcting . - Creates a shared history.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course COMM 3750 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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MethodsStudyG.#1 - COMMUNICATION 3750 : STUDY GUIDE 1ST...

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