3.3.3There are roughly 192-193 current sovereign states in today’s worldThere is 192, but number 193 is on the way, and that is East TimorThere is another dozen or two dozen areas in the world that are trying to become Sovereign states eithernow or in the very near futureA.Likely new states: Palestine, will probably have in lifetime, Greenland. Colonial territory of DenmarkB.Possibly future states: Scotland: Part of the UK, Quebec: referendums in past to vote themselves into independence, close votesC.Violently trying to be a state: Chechnya in Russia: trying for about a decade, Basque in Spain, Transnistria in Moldova, The Kurds: Kurdistan for 100-200 yearsD.Can never be states: can never gain sovereignty in today’s standards because in each of their cases there is a veto-wielding member of the permanent un security council, Taiwan, Kosovo, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia Taiwan: little island off the coast of Southeast China. Has for 60 years off and on had independence movement or petition for independence, at one point it may have had anywhere from 60, 70, or 80 different countries which actually recognized its independence. China vetos any movement for Taiwanese independence, but recently in the last 20 years China has become more powerful and the Taiwanese issue has kind of slowly started to slide away. Its down to about 23 countries, the US does not recognize it anymoreKosovo is an entirely different matter which is going to cause some contentious issues in the future. We've talked about this one already in the last lecture. The back story. Kosovo, this little province within sovereign State Serbia. This mess gets hot when the former Yugoslavia starts to crumble and implode back in the early 1990s and it becomes Yugoslavia turns into two then three then four then five and six independent sovereign States of which Serbia is kind of the remnant core of what's left of Yugoslavia Andit was the Serbs, the ethnic Serbs which may or may not have been conducting acts of genocide in Bosnia. That got the US and NATO involved in that mess in 1995. But of much more consequence for our story is when the US and NATO got involved in Serbia directly in 1999 when Slobodan Milosevic, the thenPresident of Serbia and a Serb himself and most of the government was served and most of the military was served it was claimed that Slobodan Milosevic was picking on, harassing, otherwise intimidating, beating up, or conducting genocide against the Kosovar Albanians in this little province called Kosovo. Again, Kosovo inside of Sovereign State Serbia. Nobody is disputing that. This got so bad that people thought hey, there's a genocide occurring right here in Europe. We can't let this happen the US and NATO went in and bombed the sweet bejesus out of Serbia to convince them to stop picking on the Kosovar Albanians. And then officially went ahead and took the place over-took over Kosovo. That is when NATO troops rolled into Kosovo and subsequently the UN came in and administered the Kosovo whole province for a decade. Both the UN and NATO said hey we're just here to stabilize the situation.