NAME:_Zechariah Wilkinson_____________ CLASS: _PHIL-2306______________ DATE:_07 Sep 2019______READING ASSESSMENT EXERCISENAME/TITLE OF TEXT: _The Status of Morality: The Philosophical Terrain__________ ________________________NAME OF AUTHOR(S): _Shafer Landau ____________________________________________________________CONTEXT OF THE PIECE (TIME & PLACE, DATE/ERA, SOCIAL/POLITICAL, PURPOSE, WHO IS THE AUTHOR(S)?, ETC.). WHY IS CONTEXT RELEVANT FOR THIS PIECE? The author of this piece is Shafer Landau, it seems that he is probably an ethics/philosophy professor. According to the verbiage of the text we can assume that the text is from the modern era, probably the 1980’s or 90’s. The purpose of thistext is to define the different moral and ethical thought processes. The context is relevant for this piece because it allows the reader to determine whether the author is knowledgeable in this field and can be trusted. SHORT SUMMARY OF THE ASSIGNED TEXT: This text is designed to give definitions and short summaries for moral skepticism. The text tells us that there are three basic types of moral skeptics, moral nihilists, ethical subjectivists, and ethical relativists. There are also two different types of moral nihilists, error theorists and non-cognitivists. And then there are the ethical objectivists. The main difference between the moral skeptics and ethical objectivists is that the moral skeptics, all types, believe that there is noright and wrong but they differ in how they define these. Ethical objectivists believe that there is a right and wrong but these rights and wrongs cannot be personal preference or social agreements, they must always be right and always be wrong. WHAT EXPLICIT QUESTIONS DOES THE TEXT/AUTHOR RAISE THAT THEY WANT YOU TO THINK ABOUT, OR ANSWER?How can moral truths be as objective as those of mathematics or the sciences?HOW IS THE TEXT STRUCTURED? WHAT ARE THE SECTION TITLES? HOW DO THE SECTIONS/PARTS RELATE? IS THERE A LOGICAL FLOW TO THE PARTS OF THE TEXT? ETC. … WHAT IMPACT DOES THE STRUCTURE HAVE ON YOUR READING?