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Unformatted text preview: I. Democracy A. France i. direct use of referendums B. Nation 2 C. Nation 3 D. Theodore Lowi II. Disjuncture of British Politics A. Causes 1. Pyscho-Cultural Approach a. British nonwork attitudes b. Having wealth rather than creating it, causing Britain to lack daring and innovative capitalists c. In public schools, British students learn to despise commercial and technical skills in favor of the humanities d. Most Britons prefer more leisure time to more money e. British Class System i. Middle Class British Managers snobbish toward workers ii. Workers therefore show more loyalty to their union than their company f. In order to save Britain, change culture, but typical British attitude is to resist 2. Politico-Economic Approach a. Bad attitudes of British reflect faulty government policy b. Thatcherites and the Thatcher Cure i.Belief that change the policy, then the context changes along with the attitudes ii. Blamed welfare state that Labour introduced in 1945 A. Causing many too consume without producing B. Subsidized inefficient Industries C. Unions raised wages and lowered productivity iii. Thatcher Cure- Effort to Control British Money and Restore Economy A. Cut Bureaucracy B. Cut back on welfare growth C. Cut subsidies to industry D. You Cannot Consume Until You Produce E. By 1980s, more working-class Britons voted Tory than voted Labour iv. Results of Thatchernomics A. Inflation was down B. Fastest Economic Growth in Europe C. State-owned British Steel, British Leyland and other nationalized industries trimmed bloated work force in order to increase productivity D. Privatization E. Increased competition through deregulation F. High Youth Unemployment causing riots G. Increase in inflation in 1980s due to credit and spending boom H. Slumped into Recession I. Competitively British productively was low and high wages caused Britain to lose manufacturing jobs to other countries J. In 2005, Unemployment was a low 4.7 percent and no public debt or inflation 3. Professor Beer and collectivism a. Too many interests groups making too many demands on parties who are too willing to promise everyone everything b. Pluralistic Stagnation i. Two parties outbidding each other with more benefits to more groups ii. Interests groups block each other and government, leading to paralysis of public choice 4. Future of British Politics a. Collectivism i. Toryism and Som b. Post-collectivism: Neoliberalism, Neosom, Neworadicalism 5. Constitutional Reform a. Tony Blair and Britains Institutions i. Constitutional Reforms modernized Britains Political Institutions ii. Written Constitution: Made Briton freer due to written rules iii. A Bill of Rights, giving Britons legal guarantees of media freedom and protection from heavy-handed police methods iv. Judicial Review v. Freedom of information: All manner of government wrongdoing is concealed vi. A meaningful upper house: kicking out heredity lords and leaving the power to life peers vii. Devolution: Granting extensive home rule and elected assemblies to Northern vii....
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- Fall '07