Unit 1 A New World The history of the United States starts long before European settlement. It starts with the American Indian tribes that settled the territory. The circumstances that led to European settlement and its impact on the indigenous people of the American continent were produced through a distinctive set of events. Unit Objectives •Examine the impact of Europeans on natives of the Americas by analyzing cultural, economic, geographic, and biological conditions. •Describe the reasons that Europeans decided to colonize the Americas by discussing religious and economic reasons for migration. •Explain the impact of natives of the Americas on Europeans by describing the economic impact of North American goods on European markets. •Examine the characteristics of Prehistoric North American cultures by studying their locations and features on a map. •Compare and contrast the influences that shaped the New England, middle, and southern colonies by analyzing geography, economic systems, and social structure. •Analyze colonial reaction to British taxation that led to the American Revolution by identifying colonial events that took a stance against taxation policies. •Analyze the development of the Albany Plan by comparing the document to the Articles of Confederation. •Examine the influence of Enlightenment thinkers on the American Revolution by analyzing ideas from the Declaration of Independence. •Evaluate the significance of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill, Saratoga, and Yorktown by describing their impact as turning points in the American Revolution. Lesson 1 European Exploration Have you ever heard the idea that money makes the world go ’round? While this is possibly not the most positive aspect of human nature, it does have some level of truth. For instance, if it weren’t for the Crusades, Europeans would have never settled the Americas. It is odd that a series of wars 400 years before Columbus set sail would have impacted the journey. It all boiled down to making money from importing Chinese goods into Europe. What Europeans were unaware of was the landforms they would discover in their attempts to find a faster, easier sea route to China. This lesson explores the connections between China and the European settlement of the Americas. It also describes the impact of Europeans on American Indian peoples, and the reverse impact of American Indian cultures on Europe. Over the course of the lesson, you will gain a deeper understanding of how the first contact created a clash of cultures. Learning Objectives What are learning objectives? They are the skills, knowledge, and attitudes you will gain from your schoolwork. Upon completing this lesson, you will be able to •Examine the impact of Europeans on natives of the Americas by analyzing cultural, economic, geographic, and biological conditions.